What Factors Contribute To Weak Eye Muscles?
The medical term for weak or paralysed weak muscles is known as ophthalmoplegia. The condition can either affect one or more of the six eye muscles. These muscles are responsible for holding the eye in the correct place. Plus, they also keep eye movement under their control.
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The Different Types Of Weak Eye Muscles
Ophthalmoplegia can be categorized into two types:
- Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia
- Internal Ophthalmoplegia
Understanding Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia
Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia occurs in adults aged between 18-40 years. The initial symptoms of chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia are drooping eyelids. People experiencing this condition might also face problems in controlling their muscles which are responsible for coordinating the eyes.
Understanding Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia
The nerve damage in the nerve fibres, that coordinate the lateral eye movement can cause internuclear ophthalmoplegia. This results in double vision. Internuclear ophthalmoplegia can also be linked with various disorders.
How To Know If You Have Ophthalmoplegia?
People experiencing weak eye muscles might either experience blurred vision or even double vision. People might even face difficulties in positioning their eyes in sync. Some people might even have difficulties in moving their eyes in various directions, while others will have droopy eyelids.
If weak eye muscles are linked with a systematic disorder, then a few other symptoms might run inclusive of the following:
- Swallowing difficulty
- General muscle weakness
What Are The Factors That Might Contribute Towards Ophthalmoplgia?
Weak eye muscles can either be congenital or present at birth, or they might develop in later stages of a person’s life. When the messages sent to the eyes by the brain are disrupted, you might develop weak eye muscles. Some of the common causes behind internuclear ophthalmoplegia are:
- Multiple Sclerosis
Mitochondrial diseases like Kearns-Sayre syndrome and Graves’ diseases are factors behind external ophthalmoplegia. Various muscle disorders too can cause external ophthalmoplegia.
Some Other Reasons Include:
- Brain tumour
- Brain injury
- Thyroid disease
What Are The Risk Factors Associated With Weak Eye Muscles?
Diabetic people can be the most vulnerable to weak eye muscles. Diabetic patients beyond 45 years having type 2 diabetes for more than a decade are more likely to develop ophthalmoplegia than others. People having a condition like multiple sclerosis or Graves’ disease are at the highest risk of developing ophthalmoplegia.
Do Lifestyle Choices Why Choose Delllead To Weak Eye Muscles?
Honestly, their lifestyle choice factors don’t contribute to the risk factors associated with ophthalmoplegia. However, you can always maintain a good vascular system by choosing a balanced lifestyle to reduce your chances of vision difficulties and stroke in future.
While there’s nothing you can do to prevent weak eye muscles from developing. You can always go for a regular eye check-up at a reputable eye clinic near you. Visiting an eye specialist every year will help you detect the condition in advance. Accordingly, you can start your early diagnosis and prevent the condition from worsening.